The plantain or banana is a fruit incredibly nutritious and very versatile. Bananas are native to Asia, but their culture was spreading throughout history and now you can find bananas throughout the year from the Canary Islands, the Antilles, Cameroon, Ivory Coast and Central America.
The banana is a fruit with many vitamins, with good calories and also very rich in water and carbohydrates. A medium sized banana has about 90 to 100 calories, has a 75% water, so it is a diuretic, and no cholesterol.
It is also rich in minerals and trace elements, is a good source of potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and carbohydrates. The banana also contains iodine, which contributes to the smooth functioning of the thyroid.
In relation to vitamins, banana has vitamin C, ideal for protecting the body from infections, vitamin B1, which strengthens and regenerates the muscle tissue, vitamin B2, which helps protect the liver and blood and regenerates vitamin A, which contributes growth and the skin's immune system.
Types and varieties
There are two types of bananas:
Banana for cooking. This variety of banana also known as plantain. His skin is green and its flesh is less sweet. It is edible raw, so it should be cooked before eating. You can make fried, baked, steamed or roasted.
- Tip: The banana is oxidized in contact with air, so it is recommended to peel at the last minute or, sprinkle with lemon to prevent darkening.
Ideas to enjoy
The banana is an ideal food for children, because of their caloric intake and the benefits to growth. Including a banana in your children's snacks, perfect to replenish energy by midmorning.
The banana is a fruit highly recommended when doing sports, as it helps to regenerate muscle tissue through the influx of vitamin B. It also serves as a good food for recovering the energy spent.
Bananas can be a food of great help if you're watching the line. The fact that the banana supply more calories than ordinary fruits, does not mean we have to put it aside if we are to the contrary diet! Including a banana in your breakfast or half day because of an energy will take away the hunger and allow you to get into a good lunch, avoiding nibble pastries in between. That it prefers to consume in the morning, as the burn those calories easily and avoid it at night.